We are required by law to protect the privacy of your health information, and to provide you with a copy of this Notice. This Notice is provided in two layers: This top layer (pages 1-2) briefly summarizes how we handle your health information, and the bottom layer (pages 3-10) provides further details about our privacy practices and procedures. Our Privacy Officers are Cletis Earle and Jebashini Jesurasa
This Notice describes the health information privacy practices of Wyckoff Heights Medical Center (WHMC), its medical staff, and affiliated health care providers that jointly provide health care services with our hospital. The privacy practices described in this Notice will be followed by: (1) any health care professional who treats you at any of our locations, including our Ambulatory Care Services; (2) any employee, student, trainee or volunteer, at any of our locations, including our Ambulatory Care Services; (3) any employee, medical staff, trainee, student or volunteer at WHMC Pharmacy ; and (4) any business associates of our hospital or of WHMC Pharmacy, (which are described further below). Please note your private physician may have different privacy practices regarding the use and disclosure of your health information related to care provided at his/her office.
Questions. If you have any questions about this Notice or would like further information, please contact our Privacy Officer's Designee in the Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7189 / 7190.
Requirement For Written Authorization. We will generally obtain your written authorization before using your health information or sharing it with others outside the hospital. You may also request transfer of your records to another person by completing a written authorization form. If you provide us with written authorization, you may revoke that written authorization at any time, except to the extent that we have already relied upon it. To revoke a written authorization, please write to our Health Information Services Department.
Exceptions To Written Authorization Requirement. There are some situations when we do not need your written authorization before using your health information or sharing it with others. They are:
Treatment, Payment, And Business Operations. We may use and disclose your health information to treat your condition, collect payment for that treatment, or run our business operations. (See pages 3-4 of this Notice).
Patient Directory And Disclosure To Family And Friends Involved In Your Care. We may include information about you in our Patient Directory or share your health information with family and friends involved in your care, if you do not object to the use or disclosure of your health information in this way. (See page 5 of this Notice).
Public Need. We may use or disclose your health information in certain situations to comply with the law or to meet important public needs. (See pages 5-7 of this Notice).
If Information Is Completely Or Partially De-Identified. (See page 8 of this Notice).
How To Access Your Health Information. You generally have the right to inspect and copy your health information. (See page 8 of this Notice).
How To Correct Your Health Information. You have the right to request that we amend your health information if you believe it is inaccurate or incomplete. (See page 8 of this Notice).
How To Identify Others Who Have Received Your Health Information. You have the right to receive an Accounting of disclosures, which identifies certain persons or organizations to whom we have disclosed your health information. (See page 9 of this Notice).
How To Request Additional Privacy Protections. You have the right to request further restrictions on the way we use your health information or share it with others. (See page 10 of this Notice).
How To Request More Confidential Communications. You have the right to request that we contact you in a way that is more confidential for you, such as at home instead of at work. (See page 10 of this Notice).
How Someone May Act On Your Behalf. You have the right to name a personal representative who may act on your behalf to control the privacy of your health information. (See page 10 of this Notice).
How To Learn About Special Protections For HIV-Related Information and Mental Health Information. Special privacy protections apply to HIV-related information and mental health information. To request copies of special notices concerning these types of information, please contact the Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7356 (See page 10 of this Notice).
How To Obtain A Copy Of This Notice. You have the right to a paper copy of this Notice and may request a paper copy of this Notice (or any current version of this Notice) at any time. To do so, please call the Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7190 You may also obtain a copy of this Notice (or current Notice) from our website at www.wyckoffhospital.org, or by requesting a copy at your next visit. A copy of our current Notice will always be posted in designated reception areas. We may change our privacy practices from time to time. If we do, we will revise this Notice so you will have an accurate summary of our practices. The revised notice will apply to all of your health information, including any information created or received prior to issuing the new notice. We are required to abide by the terms of the Notice that is currently in effect.
How To File A Complaint. If you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with us or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. To file a complaint with us, please contact our Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7190. No one will retaliate or take action against you for filing a complaint.
We are committed to protecting the privacy of information we gather about you while providing health-related services. Some examples of protected health information are:
information indicating that you are a patient at the hospital or receiving treatment or other health-related services from our hospital;
information about your health condition (such as a disease you may have);
information about health care products or services you have received or may receive in the future (such as an operation); or
information about your health care benefits under an insurance plan (such as whether a prescription is covered);
when combined with:
demographic information (such as your name, address, or insurance status);
unique numbers that may identify you (such as your social security number, your phone number, or your driver's license number); and
other types of information that may identify who you are.
For your information, we have included below a more detailed explanation of how we may use and disclose your health information without your written authorization.
1. Treatment, Payment And Business Operations
We may use your health information or share it with others in order to treat your condition, obtain payment for that treatment, and run our business operations. In some cases, we may also disclose your health information for payment activities and certain business operations of another health care provider or payor. The Medical Center, its medical staff and other health care providers affiliated with the Medical Center, participate in an organized health care arrangement as permitted by HIPAA, which allows them to share information among themselves solely for purposes of treatment, payment and health care operations. Below are further examples of how your information may be used and disclosed for these purposes.
Treatment. We may share your health information with doctors or nurses or other health care providers at the hospital who are involved in taking care of you, and they may in turn use that information to diagnose or treat you. A doctor at our hospital may share your health information with another doctor inside our hospital, or with a doctor at another hospital, to determine how to diagnose or treat you. Your doctor may also share your health information with another doctor to whom you have been referred for further health care. Our different departments and health care practitioners may share your health information in order to provide and coordinate services such as prescriptions, lab work and x-rays. Our faculty, students, volunteers and trainees will have access to your health information for training and treatment purposes as they participate in continuing education training, internships and residency programs.
Payment. We may use your health information or share it with others so that we may obtain payment for your health care services. For example, we may share information about you with your health insurance company in order to obtain reimbursement after we have treated you, or to determine whether it will cover your treatment. We might also need to inform your health insurance company about your health condition in order to obtain pre-approval for your treatment, such as admitting you to the hospital for a particular type of surgery. Finally, we may share your information with other providers and payors for their payment activities, such as an ambulance company.
Business Operations. We may use your health information or share it with others in order to conduct our business operations which include internal administration, planning, and various activities that improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of the care that we deliver to you, such as performance improvement, utilization review, internal auditing, accreditation, certification, licensing, educational and credentialing activities. For example, we may use your health information to conduct patient satisfaction surveys, to evaluate the performance of our staff in caring for you, or to educate our staff on how to improve the care they provide for you. We may disclose your health information to our patient representatives in order to resolve any complaints you may have and ensure that you have a comfortable visit with us. Finally, we may share your health information with other health care providers and payors for certain of their business operations if the information is related to a relationship the provider or payor currently has or previously had with you, and if the provider or payor is required by federal law to protect the privacy of your health information.
Appointment Reminders, Treatment Alternatives, Benefits And Services. In the course of providing treatment to you, we may use your health information to contact you with a reminder that you have an appointment for treatment or services. We may also use your health information in order to recommend possible treatment alternatives or health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.
Fundraising. To support our business operations, we may use demographic information about you, including information about your age and gender, where you live or work, and the dates that you received treatment, in order to contact you to raise money to help us operate. We may also share this information with a charitable foundation that will contact you to raise money on our behalf. If you do not want us to contact you for fundraising efforts, you may contact the Development Office at 718-963-7677.
Business Associates. We may disclose your health information to contractors, agents and other business associates who need the information in order to assist us with obtaining payment or carrying out our business operations. For example, we may share your health information with a billing company that helps us to obtain payment from your insurance company. We may share your health information with medical transcriptionists and copy services which assist us with copying your medical records. Other examples are that we may share your health information with an accounting firm or law firm that provides professional advice to us about how to improve our health care services and comply with the law, or with an insurance company or risk management organization in order to obtain professional advice about how to manage risk and legal liability, including insurance or legal claims. If we do disclose your health information to a business associate, we will have a written contract to ensure that our business associate also protects the privacy of your health information.
2. Patient Directory/Family and Friends
We may use your health information in, and disclose it from, our Patient Directory, or share it with family and friends involved in your care. We will always give you an opportunity to object unless there is insufficient time because of a medical emergency (in which case you will be able to express your preferences as soon as the emergency is over). We will follow your wishes unless we are required by law to do otherwise.
Patient Directory. If you do not object, we will include your name, your location in our facility, your general condition (e.g., fair, stable, critical, etc.) and your religious affiliation in our Patient Directory while you are a patient in the hospital or at any of our facilities. This directory information, except for your religious affiliation, may be released to people who ask for you by name. Your religious affiliation may be given to a member of the clergy, such as a priest or rabbi, even if he or she doesn't ask for you by name.
Family and Friends Involved In Your Care. If you do not object, we may share your health information with a family member, relative, or close personal friend who is involved in your care or payment for that care. We may also notify a family member, personal representative or another person responsible for your care about your location and general condition here at the hospital, or about the unfortunate event of your death. In some cases, we may need to share your information with a disaster relief organization that will help us notify these persons.
3. Public Need
We may use your health information, and share it with others, to comply with the law or to meet important public needs that are described below.
As Required By Law. We may use or disclose your health information if we are required by law to do so. We also will notify you of these uses and disclosures if notice is required by law.
Public Health Activities. We may disclose your health information to authorized public health officials (or a foreign government agency collaborating with such officials) so they may carry out their public health activities. For example, we may share your health information with government officials that are responsible for controlling disease, injury or disability. We may also disclose your health information to a person who may have been exposed to a communicable disease or be at risk for contracting or spreading the disease if a law permits us to do so. Finally, we may release some health information about you to your employer if your employer hires us to provide you with a physical exam and we discover that you have a work-related injury or disease that your employer must know about in order to comply with employment laws.
Victims Of Abuse, Neglect Or Domestic Violence. We may release your health information to a public health authority that is authorized to receive reports of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. For example, we may report your information to government officials if we reasonably believe that you have been a victim of such abuse, neglect or domestic violence. We will make every effort to obtain your permission before releasing this information, but in some cases we may be required or authorized to act without your permission.
Health Oversight Activities. We may release your health information to government agencies authorized to conduct audits, investigations, and inspections of our facilities. These government agencies monitor the operation of the health care system, government benefit programs such as Medicare and Medicaid, and compliance with government regulatory programs and civil rights laws.
Product Monitoring, Repair And Recall. We may disclose your health information to a person or company that is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration for the purpose of reporting about problems with products.
Lawsuits And Disputes. We may disclose your health information if we are ordered to do so by a court or administrative tribunal that is handling a lawsuit or other dispute.
Law Enforcement. We may disclose your health information to law enforcement officials for the following reasons:
To comply with court orders or laws that we are required to follow;
To assist law enforcement officers with identifying or locating a suspect, fugitive, witness, or missing person;
If you have been the victim of a crime and we determine that: (1) we have been unable to obtain your agreement because of an emergency or your incapacity; (2) law enforcement officials need this information immediately to carry out their law enforcement duties; and (3) in our professional judgment disclosure to these officers is in your best interests;
If we suspect that your death resulted from criminal conduct;
If necessary to report a crime that occurred on our property; or
If necessary to report a crime discovered during an offsite medical emergency (for example, by emergency medical technicians at the scene of a crime).
To Avert A Serious And Imminent Threat To Health Or Safety. We may use your health information or share it with others when necessary to prevent a serious and imminent threat to your health or safety, or the health or safety of another person or the public. In such cases, we will only share your information with someone able to help prevent the threat. We may also disclose your health information to law enforcement officers if you tell us that you participated in a violent crime that may have caused serious physical harm to another person (unless you admitted that fact while in counseling), or if we determine that you escaped from lawful custody (such as a prison or mental health institution).
National Security And Intelligence Activities Or Protective Services. We may disclose your health information to authorized federal officials who are conducting national security and intelligence activities or providing protective services to the President or other important officials.
Military And Veterans. If you are in the Armed Forces, we may disclose health information about you to appropriate military command authorities for activities they deem necessary to carry out their military mission. We may also release health information about foreign military personnel to the appropriate foreign military authority.
Inmates And Correctional Institutions. If you are an inmate or you are detained by a law enforcement officer, we may disclose your health information to the prison officers or law enforcement officers if necessary to provide you with health care, or to maintain safety, security and good order at the place where you are confined. This includes sharing information that is necessary to protect the health and safety of other inmates or persons involved in supervising or transporting inmates.
Workers' Compensation. We may disclose your health information for workers' compensation or similar programs that provide benefits for work-related injuries.
Coroners, Medical Examiners And Funeral Directors. In the unfortunate event of your death, we may disclose your health information to a coroner or medical examiner. This may be necessary, for example, to determine the cause of death. We may also release this information to funeral directors as necessary to carry out their duties.
Organ And Tissue Donation. In the unfortunate event of your death, we may disclose your health information to organizations that procure or store organs, eyes or other tissues so that these organizations may investigate whether donation or transplantation is possible under applicable laws. Please note that organ and tissue donations still require consent.
Research. In most cases, we will ask for your written authorization before using your health information or sharing it with others in order to conduct research. However, under some circumstances, we may use and disclose your health information without your written authorization if we obtain approval through a special process to ensure that research without your written authorization poses minimal risk to your privacy. Under no circumstances, however, would we allow researchers to use your name or identity publicly. We may also release your health information without your written authorization to people who are preparing a future research project, so long as any information identifying you does not leave our facility. In the unfortunate event of your death, we may share your health information with people who are conducting research using the information of deceased persons, as long as they agree not to remove from our facility any information that identifies you.
4. Completely De-identified Or Partially De-identified Information.
We may use and disclose your health information if we have removed any information that has the potential to identify you so that the health information is completely de-identified. We may also use and disclose partially de-identified health information about you if the person who will receive the information signs an agreement to protect the privacy of the information as required by federal and state law. Partially de-identified health information will not contain any information that would directly identify you (such as your name, street address, social security number, phone number, fax number, electronic mail address, website address, or license number).
5. Incidental Disclosures.
While we will take reasonable steps to safeguard the privacy of your health information, certain disclosures of your health information may occur during or as an unavoidable result of our otherwise permissible uses or disclosures of your health information. For example, during the course of a treatment session, other patients in the treatment area may see, or overhear discussion of, your health information.
You have the following rights to access and control your health information: (These rights are important because they will help you make sure that the health information we have about you is accurate. They may also help you control the way we use your information and share it with others, or the way we communicate with you about your medical matters.)
1. Right To Inspect And Copy Records
You have the right to inspect and obtain a copy of any of your health information that may be used to make decisions about you and your treatment for as long as we maintain this information in our records. This includes medical and billing records. To inspect or obtain a copy of your health information, please submit your request in writing to the Health Information Services Department. If you request a copy of the information, we may charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing or other supplies we use to fulfill your request. The standard fee is $0.75 per page and must generally be paid before or at the time we give the copies to you. We will respond to your request for inspection of records within 10 days. We ordinarily will respond to requests for copies within 30 days if the information is located in our facility, and within 60 days if it is located off-site at another facility. If we need additional time to respond to a request for copies, we will notify you in writing within the time frame above to explain the reason for the delay and when you can expect to have a final answer to your request.
Under certain very limited circumstances, we may deny your request to inspect or obtain a copy of your information. If we do, we will provide you with a summary of the information instead. We will also provide a written notice that explains our reasons for providing only a summary, and a complete description of your rights to have that decision reviewed and how you can exercise those rights. The notice will also include information on how to file a complaint about these issues with us or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. If we have reason to deny only part of your request, we will provide complete access to the remaining parts after excluding the information we cannot let you inspect or copy.
2. Right To Amend Records
If you believe that the health information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept in our records. To request an amendment, please write to Health Information Services Department. Your request should include the reasons why you think we should make the amendment. Ordinarily we will respond to your request within 60 days. If we need additional time to respond, we will notify you in writing within 60 days to explain the reason for the delay and when you can expect to have a final answer to your request.
If we deny part or all of your request, we will provide a written notice that explains our reasons for doing so. You will have the right to have certain information related to your requested amendment included in your records. For example, if you disagree with our decision, you will have an opportunity to submit a statement explaining your disagreement, which we will include in your records. We will also include information on how to file a complaint with us or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. These procedures will be explained in more detail in any written denial notice we send you.
3. Right To An Accounting Of Disclosures
You have a right to request an accounting of disclosures (as defined below) which identifies certain other persons or organizations to whom we have disclosed your health information in accordance with applicable law and the protections afforded in this Notice of Privacy Practices. An accounting of disclosures does not describe the ways that your health information has been shared within and between the hospital and the facilities and individuals listed at the beginning of this Notice, as long as all other protections described in this Notice of Privacy Practices have been followed. If a request for an accounting of disclosures is made to Wyckoff Heights Medical Center, our response will ordinarily be limited to disclosures made by the hospital (including our clinics) and will not usually include disclosures made by the other entities or individuals listed at the beginning of this Notice such as disclosures by individual physicians from their private offices.
An accounting of disclosures also will not include information about the following disclosures:
To request an accounting of disclosures, please write to the Health Information Services Department. Your request must state a time period within the past six years (but after April 14, 2003) for the disclosures you want us to include. For example, you may request a list of the disclosures that we made between January 1, 2004 and January 1, 2005. You have a right to receive one accounting within every 12 month period for free. However, we may charge you for the cost of providing any additional accounting in that same 12 month period. We will always notify you of any cost involved so that you may choose to withdraw or modify your request before any costs are incurred.
Ordinarily we will respond to your request for an accounting within 60 days. If we need additional time to prepare the accounting you have requested, we will notify you in writing about the reason for the delay and the date when you can expect to receive the accounting. In rare cases, we may have to delay providing you with the accounting without notifying you because a law enforcement official or government agency has asked us to do so.
4. Right To Request Additional Privacy Protections
You have the right to request that we further restrict the way we use and disclose your health information to treat your condition, collect payment for that treatment, or run our business operations. You may also request that we limit how we disclose information about you to family or friends involved in your care. For example, you could request that we not disclose information about a surgery you had. To request restrictions, please write to the Privacy Officer. Your request should include (1) what information you want to limit; (2) whether you want to limit how we use the information, how we share it with others, or both; and (3) to whom you want the limits to apply. We will send you a written response.
We are not required to agree to your request for a restriction, and in some cases the restriction you request may not be permitted under law. However, if we do agree, we will be bound by our agreement unless the information is needed to provide you with emergency treatment or comply with the law. Once we have agreed to a restriction, you have the right to revoke the restriction at any time. Under some circumstances, we will also have the right to revoke the restriction as long as we notify you before doing so; in other cases, we will need your permission before we can revoke the restriction.
5. Right To Request Confidential Communications
You have the right to request that we communicate with you about your medical matters in a more confidential way by requesting that we communicate with you by alternative means or at alternative locations. For example, you may ask that we contact you at home instead of at work. To request more confidential communications, please write to our Patient Relations Department. We will not ask you the reason for your request, and we will try to accommodate all reasonable requests. Please specify in your request how or where you wish to be contacted, and how payment for your health care will be handled if we communicate with you through this alternative method or location.
How Someone May Act On Your Behalf.
You have the right to name a personal representative who may act on your behalf to control the privacy of your health information. Please note, however, that naming someone to act on your behalf to control the privacy of your health information does not in itself give that person the right to make treatment decisions on your behalf. Parents and guardians will generally have the right to control the privacy of health information about minors unless the minors are permitted by law to act on their own behalf.
Special Protections For HIV-Related Information and Mental Health Information.
Special privacy protections apply to HIV-related information and mental health information. Some parts of this general Notice of Privacy Practices may not apply to these types of information. If you would like a written explanation of how the information will be protected, please contact the Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7190
Our Privacy Officers are Cletis Earle and Jebashini Jesurasa. If you have any questions about this Notice or would like further information; please contact our Privacy Officer's Designee in the Patient Relations Department at 718-963-7190.